NEW 4th 2016 Edition-- Revised, Updated, and Expanded: A Definitive Look at Oneness Theology:
In the Light of Biblical Trinitarianism
--by Dr. Edward L. Dalcour

 

 

 

CONTENTS

 

 

 

PREFACE                                                                                        

                                                                                                             

1.0       INTRODUCTION                                                                                                    1

 

2.0       ONENESS UNITARIANISM                                                                                  3

2.1       Introduction                                                                                                               3

2.2       Monotheism                                                                                                               5

2.3       Rooted in Monarchianism                                                                                        7

2.3.1    The Re-emergence of Modalism                                                                              9

                2.3.2    Statistics and Figures                                                                                9

2.4      Oneness Theology Defined                                                                                        10

            2.4.1   Oneness Semantics: “God-Man” =

“Father-Son”                                                                                                                         11

 

            2.4.2    Denial of the Incarnation                                                                              12

            2.4.3    Denial of the Distinctions within

                               the Godhead                                                                                            13

                

            2.4.4    Denial of the Pre-Existence of the Son                                                         14

       2.4.5         Denial of the Perpetuity of the Son                                                               15

2.5      Text Minus Context Equals Pretext                                                                          18

2.6      Incongruities among Oneness Teachers                                                                    20

2.7      Determining a Oneness Church                                                                                 21

2.8      Summary                                                                                                                     22

 

3.0  CHRISTOLOGICAL DIVERGENCES                                                                       25

3.1     Introduction                                                                                                                  25

3.2     Essence and Substance of the Son                                                                               26

3.3     Jesus is not the Father                                                                                                  28

3.3.1   Unitarianism                                                                                                                29

3.3.1.1 Oneness Standard Unitarian

            Proof-Texts (Mal. 2:10; 1 Cor. 8:6)                                                                             30

 

            3.3.2   Oneness Standard Proof-Texts to show

                            that Jesus is the Father (Isa. 9:6;John 5:43;

    10:30; 14:9; Col. 2:9)                                                                                                          32

 

3.3.3   Kai and the Salutations of Paul                                                                                   38

3.3.4   Additional Considerations                                                                                           39

3.3.5   The Final Analysis: Jesus is not the Father                                                               42

3.4     Jesus is not the Holy Spirit                                                                                           43

3.4.1   Oneness Standard Proof-Texts to show that

            Jesus is the Holy Spirit (John 4:24;

Rom. 8:9-11; 2 Cor. 3:17; Eph. 4:4-6)                                                                                     43

 

                                       3.4.1.1   Same Attributes Argument                                                  48

3.4.2   The Biblical Teaching: Jesus is not the               

Holy Spirit                                                                                                                                50

 

3.4.2.1   The Holy Spirit is Distinct                                                                                           50       

3.4.2.2   The Holy Spirit is a Person                                                                                          51

3.4.3   The Final Analysis: Jesus is not the

Holy Spirit                                                                                                                               53

 

3.5      Baptismal Formula - A Case Study                                                                            54

3.5.1   Baptism: “In the Name of Jesus” Only                                                                      55

3.5.1.1   Bad Hermeneutics                                                                                                       56

3.5.1.2   The Contextual and Historical

                     Significance of the Onoma, “Name”                                                                   57                                 

3.5.1.3   Acts and the “Name of Jesus”                                                                                    58

3.5.1.4   UPCI Standard Proof-Texts

  and Arguments (Matt. 28:19; Acts 2:28)                                                                               58

 

3.5.1.5   Baptism: Unification/Identification                                                                            62

3.5.1.6   Baptizing in the Trinitarian Formula or

                     “In Jesus’ name” only                                                                                          64

 

3.5.1.7   The Trinitarian Formula in the

                          Early Church                                                                                                   65

 

3.6     Summary                                                                                                                       67

 

4.0  THE PRE-EXISTENCE OF THE SON                                                                        69

4.1     Introduction                                                                                                                  69

4.2     Person and Being                                                                                                          69

4.3     The “Oneness” Position                                                                                               70

4.4     An Orthodox Response to the “Oneness” Position                                                     71                                                        

4.5     The Pre-Incarnate Son                                                                                                 71

4.6     Jesus Christ the Son as Co-Creator                                                                            91

4.7     The Implications of Monogenēs Huios                                                                       94

4.8     Summary                                                                                                                       96

 

5.0     ORTHODOXY UNITED AGAINST HERESY                                                        98

5.1     Introduction                                                                                                                   98

5.2     Docetic Gnosticism                                                                                                        99

5.3     Arianism                                                                                                                         100

5.4     Modalism                                                                                                                       102

5.4.1   Dynamic Monarchianism                                                                                            103

5.4.2   Modalistic Monarchianism                                                                                         103

5.5     Orthodoxy Fights Back                                                                                                104

5.5.1   Against Sabellius                                                                                                         106

5.6     The Doctrine of the Trinity and

the Early Church                                                                                                                    110

 

5.6.1   Ecumenical Councils                                                                                                   111

5.6.2   The Trinity and the Early Church                                                                             113

5.6.2.1   Apostolic Fathers                                                                                                       113

                 5.6.2.2   The Apologists                                                                                          116

5.6.2.3   Theologians                                                                                                                117

5.7     Summary                                                                                                                       119

 

6.0     CONCLUSION                                                                                                             122

6.1     The Tri-Personal God Revealed in the Old Testament                                             123

6.1.1   Multi-Personal References                                                                                          124

6.2          God in Three Persons: A Biblical Conclusion                                                       125

6.2.1   Important Refutations Presented                                                                               125

 

6.2.2   Personal Loving Fellowship between the

                         Persons in the Trinity                                                                                    128

 

6.2.3    Personal Loving Fellowship between the

              Persons of the Trinity and Believers                                                                       129

 

6.2.4   The Soteriological Trinity                                                                                           129

6.3     Summary                                                                                                                       131

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY                                                                                                                  134